CodeDS/UK/22
Person NameCroom; John Halliday (1847-1923); Sir; Professor; gynaecologist
Dates1847-1923
TitleSir; Professor
Epithetgynaecologist
HistoryCroom was born in 1847 at Sanquhar. When he was a boy his family moved to Edinburgh and he was educated at the Royal High School. He then went to Edinburgh University and graduated in 1868. He set up a practice in Brougham Place in Edinburgh but due to his success he eventually moved to 25 Charlotte Square.

He also taught and was appointed assistant to Professor Alexander Simpson in the chair of midwifery, a post he held until 1877. He then began lecturing in his own account at the extra-mural school at Minto House on midwifery and gynaecology. His popularity was immediate and few students studying in Edinburgh during his 25 years teaching at the extra-mural school failed to take his course along with the compulsory classes. In 1905 he succeeded Professor Simpson to the chair of midwifery and held the post for 16 years.

As gynaecology became more of a specialism he gave up his general practice to concentrate on his area of expertise. He was also appointed assistant gynaecologist to the Royal Infirmary in 1883 and succeeded to the charge of wards two years later. He held the post for 15 years, becoming a consultant gynaecologist in 1901. He also became consulting physician to the Maternity Hospital in 1899 having already worked there as an ordinary physician since 1877.

He was a fellow of the Royal Society, the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh and when he was president of the latter in 1902 he was knighted. He was also an active fellow of the Edinburgh Obstetrical Society and president of the British Gynaelogical Society.

He died on 27th September 1923 and was buried in Dean Cemetery.

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